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Formerly known as the Dogtown Territorial Quarterly

California History At Its Very Best

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[1990 Issues #1-4 | 1991 Issues #5-8 | 1992 Issues #9-12 | 1993 Issues #13-16]

[1994 Issues #17-20 | 1995 Issues #21-24 | 1996 Issues #25-28 | 1997 Issues #29-32]

[1998-2010 Issues #33-84]

Thank you for checking out this listing of our current California Territorial Quarterly issues and previous issues of the Dogtown Territorial Quarterly. There are links to each of the years of Dogtown Territorial Quarterly issues (#1-50) above. A short review of each article is also included.

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Articles in 1998 Spring Issue #33


The Night of the Flood
The Failure of the St. Francis Dam
By Paul H. Rippens

The St. Francis Dam was completed in 1926 to regulate the flow of water from the Owens Valley to Los Angeles. On the morning of March 12, 1928 Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Chief Engineer William Mulholland was called in to inspect new leaks in the dam. He proclaimed the dam to be perfectly safe. That same day, just before midnight, the St. Francis Dam collapsed, sending 12 billion gallons of water on a destructive rampage through the canyons of Los Angeles and Ventura counties to the Pacific Ocean, 53.8 miles distant. Paul Rippens presents the facts of the disaster along with photographs of the destruction which took the lives of over 450 people.

Fort Tejon State Historic Park
An Interpretive History, Part 3

By George R. Stammerjohan

Part three reveals the natural surroundings of Fort Tejon, the various units that garrisoned the fort from 1854 to 1864, the uniforms and weaponry used by soldiers stationed there, the local economy, the formation of Rancho El Tejon, and the Civil War assignments of the officers of Fort Tejon.

The Creation of Yosemite Valley
A Scientific Controversy from the 19th Century

By John W. Robinson

Today there is almost universal agreement that glaciers were the primary force in shaping Yosemite Valley. Such was not the case in the late 19th century. John Muir and Josiah Whitney, both well-known naturalists, were the main protagonists in this controversy.

The Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island
By John P. Harrigan

Because of the extremely poor living conditions on the various Channel Islands, the Franciscan Mission Fathers decided to bring all of the Indians from the islands to the mainland. This is the story of an Indian woman who was left behind for eighteen years, 1835-1853.

Gold Discovery Day Sesquicentennial
By Rosanne McHenry

The Sesquicentennial of the Gold Rush is being celebrated in California during 1998 and it all started on January 24th, 1848, the day James Marshall discovered gold at Coloma 150 years ago. Opening ceremonies were held to commemorate the discovery on January 24th, 1998 at Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park. Rosanne McHenry, Chief Ranger at the park, gives a first-hand account of the festivities.

Sesquicentennial Gold Rush Exhibit
Opens at Sutter's Fort State Historic Park

By Katrina Hoover

On January 31, 1998 a new exhibit, Gold! Gold! Gold! Sacrifices to El Dorado, opened at Sutter's Fort State Historic Park in Sacramento, California. The exhibit explores how the discovery of gold in California impacted the fort and surrounding area. Katrina Hoover, Docent Co-ordinator for the park, describes the various exhibits along with photographs of the opening day celebration.


Click Here for Issue #33 Trivia Test




Articles in the 1998 Summer Issue #34


Mapping the Beckwourth Trail
By Andy and Joanne Hammond

There are many misconceptions about Jim Beckwourth and the trail he pioneered in 1851 from Beckwourth Pass to the American Valley. Andy and Joanne Hammond spent five years researching and mapping the entire trail and published their findings in Following the Beckwourth Trail, the first book devoted entirely to the history and route of the 1851 Beckwourth Trail.

Constable Jake Teeter vs James Reed and the 601, Sex, Crime and Race in Old Truckee
By Marilou West Ficklin and Laura Elaine Romaniak

On the night of November 6, 1891 ex-Constable Jim Reed shot Constable Jake Teeter to death. Jake died the next morning, his devoted family at his side. Fourteen years later, Jim died alone, a hermit in a river-front shanty.

Railway Into the Clouds, Professor Lowe's Mountain Railway
By John W. Robinson

From 1893 to 1936 an estimated 3,100,000 people rode the Mount Lowe Railway built by two visionary men from Pasadena. This "railway into the clouds" attracted tourists from all over the world for the thrilling and spectacular ride up the Great Cable Incline.

Professor Thaddeus Lowe and His Observatory
By Paul H. Rippens

After Professor Thaddeus Lowe retired, he pursued his life-long interest in astronomy with a six-inch reflecting telescope when he moved to Pasadena in 1887. When he heard that a New York astronomer's observatory was surrounded by too many lights he offered to rebuild the observatory on Echo Mountain at his expense.

The World Gold Panning Championships
By Rosanne McHenry

The year 1998 marks the 150th anniversary of the California Gold Discovery, and during the week of September 28th through October 4th, 1998 Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park in Coloma will host the World Gold Panning Championships.



Articles in the 1998 Fall Issue #35


Governor Juan B. Alvarado, Life in California Under Three Flags
By Robert Ryal Miller

Although Juan Alvarado was California's youngest governor and the only chief executive in the Mexican era to serve his entire six-year term, this colorful figure is little known or remembered today. Written and researched by Robert Ryal Miller, this article is basded upon his just-released book, the first biography of Alvarado.

Stephen Watts Kearny, The Army of the West, And the Battle at San Pasqual
By John W. Robinson

After war broke out between the United States and Mexico General Kearny and the Army of the West left Fort Leavenworth under orders from President Polk to occupy New Mexico and proceed from there to secure California. After occupying Santa Fe they set out for California where they fought in the Battle of San Pasqual.

Mortars, Miners and Forbidden Archeology, A Preliminary Study
By Paul D. Bowman

A recently published book entitled Forbidden Archeaology asserts that “modern” humans have inhabited the earth for millions of years. Paul Bowman re-examines the basis for this theory, stone globular mortars that were discovered in Tertiary gravels by gold miners at Cherokee, California in 1853.

Ordeal of the Sobobas
By John W. Robinson

The Soboba Indians are one of the few tribes that still inhabit their ancestral lands on their 5116-acre reservation in Riverside County. John Robinson examines the repeated attempts to take their lands and how author Helen Hunt Jackson helped them.

Donner Summit Bridge Rededication
Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party Plaque Dedication
August 22, 1998
By Leon Schegg

On August 22, 1998 a large crowd witnessed the rededication of the Donner Summit Bridge and plaque commemorating the first emigrants to cross the Sierra Nevada with their wagons.



Articles in the 1998 Winter Issue #36


The Long March of the Mormon Battalion, 1846-1847
By John W. Robinson

Three weeks after Kearny's Army of the West reached San Diego (See DTQ #35), a second American military contingent completed its long march to California via the southern overland route. The Mormon Battalion reached San Diego on January 29, 1847--too late to engage in battle. California was already conquered. Although they missed the fight, they nevertheless made a noteworthy accomplishment by opening a new wagon road from New Mexico to California.

Elizabeth Leary of Columbia, A Remarkable 19th Century Woman
By Frances A. Rohrbacher

During the decade between 1853 and 1863 Elizabeth Leary survived two disastrous fires, the murder of her husband, financial ruin, betrayal, and victimization by her late husband's supposed friends. A risk taker and an independent woman, Elizabeth was one of California's first married women to take advantage of The Sole Trader's Act of 1852 by starting her own business enterprise.

John Bidwell, Reluctant Indian Fighter, 1852-1856
By Michelle Shover

While dictating his memoirs to his wife Annie, John Bidwell made the statement: “Now with the Indians I never had any trouble.” Although Bidwell dreamed of a ranching empire with happy and contented Indians as his workforce, in reality some of his early experiences in Butte County were quite different than the dream.

The River Trip, Sutter's Fort Mobile Living History Program
By Bob Carter & Ken Falletti

Each year volunteers from Sutter's Fort State Historic Park recreate and portray the life and times of Captain Sutter's 1843 trapping expedition for the benefit of elementary students from throughout northern California. This year nearly 4,000 students participated in two-hour living history programs over a two-week period.


Articles in the 1999 Spring Issue #37


Ice Harvesting in the Truckee Basin
By Tom Macauley

The development of the ice harvesting industry in the Truckee Basin played a pivotal role in providing a scarce luxury for the commercial and residential needs of the California-Nevada area. Tom “The Iceman” Macauley's research over the past 18 years has documented the life and times of the ice harvesters.

Curry's Camp Baldy, “The Yosemite of the South”
By Willis Osborne

Willis Osborne presents a nostalgic histotry of the popular Southern California resort known as Camp Baldy, “The Yosemite of the South,” which was operated by the Curry family.

The Many Passions of Joaquin Miller
By John W. Robinson

Known as “The Poet of the Sierras,” Joaquin Miller was one of California's most colorful characters. Although literary recognition eluded him, Miller's endeavors and accomplishments were interesting, to say the least. John Southworth prents “The Many Passions of Joaquin Miller.”

John McKinstry Smith; Argonaut, Entrepreneur and Agriculturist of Long's Bar
By Haskel McInturf

The lure of gold brought John McKinstry Smith to California in June 1850, most likely as the result of letters he received from a relative, George McKinstry, Jr., who was at Sutter's Fort when the California Gold Rush began.

Haskel McInturf began his research of Smith as a family history project and he privately published his manuscript for distribution to family members. He gave us a copy of his manuscript which was reviewed by our historical advisors and other historians. Haskel's revised article, as presented here, is the result of a collaborative effort by many people to confirm the facts and details concerning John McKinstry's gold mining endeavors in Northern California and his connection to George McKinstry Jr. and John Bidwell.

Quartz Mining in California
From Hutchings' California Magazine, October 1857



Articles in the 1999 Summer Issue #38


The Politics of the 1859 Bidwell-Kibbe Campaign
Northern California Indian-Settler Conflicts of the 1850s
By Michele Shover

Northern California settlers and Native Indians came into conflict as the result of sealer encroachment upon traditional Indian territories which in many cases, they had controlled for hundreds of years. When the Gold Rush started the California Indians suffered even more, being driven from their homes and food sources along canyon rivers and streams by gold seekers.

When the Indians retaliated with vengeance upon the settlers' farms and ranches local men formed private pursuit parties that went after the Indian ra iders who escaped into the rugged canyon country just east of the Sacramento Valley.

Michelle Shover's article examines the brutal 1859 campaigns of northern California Indian fighters, both private and military, which in many cases indiscriminately punished inoffensive Indians.

A Spectral Rescue: Napa Valley Extra-Sensory Perception
By Richard H. Dillon

Mountain man George Yount claimed to have foreseen the tragic entrapment of the Donner Party from his home in Yountville, California and made preparations for a rescue mission before the news reached Sutter's Fort. Was it ESP or a mountain man's tall tale?

Colonel Edward J. C. Kewen: Los Angeles' Fire-Eating Orator of the Civil War Era
By John W. Robinson

Citizens in Southern California, particularly in Los Angeles, were decidedly pro-Southern in the years leading up to the Civil War. One gifted orator who expoused their sentiments was Edward Kewen.


Articles in the 1999 Fall Issue #39


Massacre on the Colorado River
By Dr. Edgar C. Smith

The California gold rush offered uncertain riches for those willing to endure the hardshoips of mining. Dr. Abel Lincoln planned to make his fortune by ferrying goldseekers across the Colorado River.

Chinese in the Gold Rush
By JoAnn Levy

JoAnn Levy examines the documentary evidence that shows how the Chinese were accepted in California during the earliest years of the gold rush and how they later suffered deplorable discrimination.

The Worthless Gold Mine That Changed Southern California
By Thomas H. Core

E. J. "Lucky" Baldwin made millions by investing in Comstock mining stocks and owned the fabulously rich Ophir Mine in Virginia City, Nevada. When it was announced that Baldwin was financing a new strike in Southern California at Gold Mountain, the entire mining district was rejuvenated and gold miners rushed into the area.

California's New Ireland, El Proyecto Macnamara
By John Fox

Father Eugene Macnamara's plans for an Irish colony on a Mexican land grant6 in the San Joaquin Valley came to an abrupt end when Commodore Sloat ran up the U.S. flag at Monterey on July 7th, 1846. Leaving California on the British ship HMS Collingwood, Macnamara seemingly disappeared into history. Oxford historian John Fox has uncovered Macnamara's roots and his trail after he left California.

The Taming of San Fernando Pass
By John W. Robinson

San Fernando Pass presented a formidable obstacle in the 1840s and '50s between Los Angeles and points north because it was so steep that travelers had to go up and over the crest of the ridge. John Robinson chronicles the development of San Fernando Pass.


Articles in the 1999 Winter Issue #40


The Man Who Turned Dust to Gold
By John Kenner

California has long been known as a place where fast talking promoters took advantage of unsuspecting folks who were subsequently relieved of their money or possessions. One such gifted character was the man who became known as Death Valley Scotty, whose creative and colorful life, even if it was a bit on the shady side, is brought back to life by the exceptional writing talents of John Kenner of San Francisco and by the illustrations of artist Robert Allan McClay of Daly City, California.

Patrick Reddy, Frontier Lawyer
By John Southworth

Pat Reddy was a gold and silver miner in the rough and tumble West until he lost his arm to a lead slug in 1864 on the streets of Virginia City, Nevada. John Southworth weaves the tale of how he was forced to switch occupations, studied law, was admitted to the Bar and excelled in that profession until he became what some of his enemies referred to as "the notorious Pat Reddy."

The Jackass Mail
The Pony Express of the South
By John W. Robinson

Mail deliveries in early California were sporadic at best until the first regular overland transcontinental mail and passenger service was organized by James E. Birch in 1857. John Robinson's article examines the development of regular mail service to California and the hardships the stage lines faced in keeping them operational.


Articles in the 2000 Spring Issue #41


Butterfield's Overland Mail in California
By John W. Robinson

California's phenomenal jump in population caused by the gold rush brought statehood to California in 1850. Communication with the East by ocean steamers was slow, taking two to three months to travel 6,000 miles from New York to San Francisco via the Isthmus of Panama. California newspapers repeatedly called for an overland express and mail route between East and West until the U.S. Post Office awarded a contract for transcontinental mail and stage service to a consortium led by John Butterfield in September 1857.
John Robinson examines the formation and operation of the Overland Mail Company and takes the reader along for the first ride on the westbound stage through the eyes of Waterman Ormsby, a correspondent for the New York Herald.

The History of a Letter
The San Francisco Post Office in 1858
From Hutchings California Magazine

This article, published in 1858 in San Francisco, gives a contemporary account and illustrations of the arrival of the mail steamer and the distribution of the U.S. Mails to all points in California and Oregon and Washington Territories.

The U.S. Mint's Statehood Quarter Program Fuels a New Generation of Coin Collectors
By Bill Anderson

Starting in 1999 the U.S. Mint began releasing a new series of Washington statehood quarters bearing individual designs for each of the fifty states.

DTQ Book Reviews:
Macnamara's Irish Colony and the United States Taking of California in 1846 by John Fox
Rush for Riches: Gold Fever and the Making of California by J.S. Holliday


Articles in the 2000 Summer Issue #42


John Bidwell and the Rancho Chico Indian Treaty of 1852
Seduction, Betrayal, and Redemption

By Michele Shover

Treaty negotiations with California's Native Americans began shortly after the state's admission to the United States in September 1850. John Bidwell of Rancho Chico helped to convince local area Indian tribal leaders in the Northern Sacramento Valley that a reservation and treaty with the United States government was in their best interests.
Michele Shover examines Bidwell's advocate role in the 1851 treaty negotiations and has uncovered evidence that proves the Chico rancher was guilty of double-dealing when he used his political connections to help secure the defeat of the same treaties in 1852.

Guardians on the Mountaintops
The Fire Lookouts of Southern California

By John W. Robinson

California's first fire lookout was erected in 1878 by the Southern Pacific Railroad on Red Top Mountain overlooking Donner Pass to protect the railroad's wooden snow sheds.
John Robinson presents an overview of Southern California's fire lookouts which have been built with both private and public funds.

Some Transitional Alcaldes of Northern California
By Anne Homan

When the United States government took control of California in 1846 the existing Mexican legal system was kept in effect until statehood was achieved in 1850. During this time Americans and some Californios were appointed to the position of alcalde, the Mexican equivalent to an American judge.
Anne Homan of Livermore examines some of the trials and tribulations experienced by some of the transitional alcaldes in Northern California.


Articles in the 2000 Fall Issue #43


William Bradshaw's Road to Gold
By John W. Robinson

The discovery of gold along the Colorado River by Pauline Weaver in 1862 led to the opening of the Bradshaw Road from San Bernardino across the desert to the Colorado diggings near present-day Blythe, California.
John Robinson examines the historical background of the Bradshaw Road and takes us on a present-day photographic journey to some of the stage stops and watering holes along the way.

A Portrait of an Irish Miner During California's Gold Rush, Charles F. McGuirk, 1834-1911
By Richard and Frances A. Rohrbacher

What can a researcher do when confronted with the task of fleshing out incomplete or at best fragmentary information about a relatively unremarkable and obscure person?
Richard and Frances Rohebacher of Columbia, California have accomplished this diligent task with their satory about an Irish miner named Charles Francis McGuirk, who came to California in 1856 to make his fortune in the goldfields.

From San Francisco to Sacramento City
From Hutchings' California Magazine, July, 1859

Hutchings' California Magazine was one of the very first journals to chronicle the history of California as it was happening in the 1850s. This eyewitness travelogue takes the reader from San Francisco Bay, up the Sacramento River to the recently relocated capital, then known to Californians as Sacramento City.
The writer of this article and two companions chartered a small sailing craft to allow them the opportunity of sailing when and where they pleased, and captured contemporary sketches of some of the scenes they encountered along the way.


Articles in the 2000 Winter Issue #44


California's State Capital Moved Several Times
Before Finally Settling at Sacramento

By James Lenhoff and Bill Anderson

The history of California's state capital began in September 1849 when the first Constitutional Convention was held in Monterey at Colton Hall. The constitutional delegates considered several competing offers before deciding on San Jose as California's first capital, although considerable controversy over its location would resurface over and over again through the early 1860s.
Just as contentious was the battle for a permanent capitol building to house government records and state officials. Offers were made by various individuals and towns who competed for the prize.

Latest from California
Diamonds, Platinum, and Emeralds In California

From the Independent Democrat, June 6, 1849

This timely newspaper article was published in Doylestown, Pennsylvania on June 6, 1849. Mentioned in the account are Lt. Edward Beale, Rev. Walter Colron, General Bennet Riley, General Persifor Smith, Lt. Col. John C. Frémont, General Mariano Vallejo, and Captain John Sutter, all participants in California's drive for statehood.

Traders, Travelers, and Horsethieves on the Old Spanish Trail
By John W. Robinson

Knowledge gleaned from American trappers and mountain men encouraged New Mexican authorities and Santa Fe traders to mount an overland expedition to California to trade woven woolen goods for California horses and mules. Beginning in 1829, the first annual commercial trade caravan to California was inaugurated by Antonio Armijo, a Santa Fe merchant. The following year, William Wolfskill and George Yount formed the first party to travel over most of what was to become known as the Old Spanish Trail.


Articles in the 2001 Spring Issue #45


Rushing for Gold Via the Southern Overland Route
By John W. Robinson

Southwestern trails to California have long been considered insignificant in the overall picture of gold rush migration by many historians. However, new research indicates that these trails to California were heavily used by both Sonoran and American 49ers. John Robinson details the routes of the three distinct branches of the Southern Emigrant Trail and tells us about some of the 49ers who used them.

Crazy Stoddard and His Sack of Gold!
By James Lenhoff

The rumor of a Gold Lake with nuggets covering its shores spread like wildfire through the mining camps of California and indirectly caused the discovery of numerous other gold deposits in the higher elevations of the Sierra Nevada, even though Gold Lake itself was never found. Jim Lenhoff wrote this version of the Gold Lake legend in 1960 for his California history magazine known as The Feather River Territorial, and we reprint it here with his permission.

Dame Shirley
The Best of the California Gold Rush Writers

By Duane Spilsbury

One of the richest discoveries of gold in California was made by three German prospectors working their way back from the unsuccessful quest for Gold Lake. Known as Rich Bar, this historic mining camp became famous as the result of of the publication of 23 perceptive and humorous letters written by Dame Shirley "to her sister in the States." Duane Spilsbury of Carmichael tells her story.

Mountain Scenery in California
From Hutchings' California Magazine, 1856

Originally published in 1856, this article gives a contemporary view of many of the gold mining camps that sprang up as a result of the hunt for Gold Lake.


Articles in the 2001 Summer Issue #46


John Bidwell: Civil War Politics, and the Indian Crisis of 1862
By Michele Shover

We are pleased to present Michele Shover's fourth article in her series on John Bidwell and Indian-settler relations in the northern Sacramento Valley during the 1850s and 1860s.

In Part One, Michele examines a dispute in 1862 which began with an Indian and settler clash near Chico. Using contemporary accounts and memoirs, she shows how the Indian-settler problems became intermixed with Civil War issues and pitted rebel sympathizers against John Bidwell, the area's most prominent citizen and its leading supporter.

Part Two focuses on the tensions between rebel and Union supporters in Chico and the surrounding area during the years 1864 and 1865, when soldiers were stationed at Camp Bidwell to address the Indian-settler issues.

Granville Stuart, A Dogtown Miner's Memoir, 1852-1854
By Granville Stuart

Granville Stuart and his brother James came from Iowa overland to California in the spring of 1852 with their '49er father, Robert Stuart. After a short stay at Sam Neal's ranch south of Chico, they headed for the gold fields of the Sierra Nevada, and soon reached Dog Town, some sixteen miles from the ranch.

The Stuart's began their mining career at Dog Town, learning how to mine for gold from others they met. Fortunately, granville kept a daily journal (for over forty years) describing the scenery and their experiences which is one of the best and most descriptive account of early life in Dog Town.

The Stuarts prospected for gold in California for two years before eventually settling in Deer Lodge Valley in Today's Montana.


Articles in the 2001 Fall Issue #47


California Stagecoaching: The Dusty Reality
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

We are fortunate to present a new article by Dr. Robert J. Chandler, Senior Researcher for Wells Fargo Bank Historical Services in San Francisco. We can't think of anyone more eminently qualified to write a history of California stagecoaching than Dr. Chandler. He is a gifted researcher, writer and humorist who has daily access to Well's Fargo's extensive collection of early California and Wells Fargo documents and illustrations, many of which are included in this article.

Home, Home on the Grange: Napa Valley Farmers
By Richard H. Dillon

We are pleased to once again present an article by Ricgard Dillon, one of California's most prolific and popular historians. His article chronicles the rise of the farmer's movement in the Napa Valley and their evolution into the national Order of Patrons of Husbandry, more commonly known as the Grange.

Rough and Tumble Fighting: Perspectives on Violence in Gold Rush California
By Richard Ravalli, Jr.

We welcome Richard Ravalli, Jr. as a new contributor with his article about rough and tumble fighting—where literally anything went, including biting, choking, hair-pulling and eye gouging. From mountain men competing at rendezvous to dueling combatants in San Francisco, he reveals the brutality and violence exhibited by men during the Gold Rush in California.

A New Emperor Norton Note, 1870
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

In his article in DTQ#25 entitled “A Journey to the Imaginary Empire of Norton I” Dr. Chandler listed seven known varieties of His Majesty's bonds. An eighth variety surfaced in February, 2001.


Articles in the 2001 Winter Issue #48


Francisco Garcés: Intrepid Missioinary-Explorer of Spanish California
By John W. Robinson

In the annals of Hispanic exploration of early California, no name stands ahead of the Franciscan missionary Francisco Garcés. John Robisnon examines the life of this mild-mannered man of God, who traveled, mostly on foot, the western half of Arizona and what are now the California counties of Imperial, San Diego, Riverside, San Bernardino, Los Angeles, Kern and Tulare.

Land King: The Story of David Jack
By K.C. Jack

This is the story of David Jack, a Scotsman who emigrated to the United States in 1841 and eventually became one of the largest land owners in Monterey County, California. Written and researched by K.C. Jack, a police officer from Pitlochry, Scotland, and the great great great nephew of David Jack, his life was a true rags-to-riches story with some very interesting twists to it.


Articles in the 2002 Spring Issue #49


John Bidwell's Role in the 1863 Indian Removal from Chico
By Michele Shover

Chico rancher John Bidwell served as an Indian sub-agent who advised military authorities on the Indian-settler conflicts in northern Butte County in the 1850s and 60s. In her fifth article on Indian-settler conflicts, Michele Shover examines Bidwell's role in planning the second removal of northern California Indians to a reservation after a new round of both Indian and settler attacks occurred during the first six months of 1863.

Margaret Hamilton Smyth, M.D.
A Capable and Qualified 19th Century Woman
By Richard W. Rohrbacher, Ph.D.

Richard Rohrbacher of Columbia presents an interesting story about a remarkable 19th century woman, Margaret Smyth, the only woman to head a state hospital in the United States. The author has fond memories of Dr. Smyth, having been a young guest in her home with his parents at parties attended by Stockton area physicians.

The Hotel Del Monte Goes to War
By Dr. Edgar C. Smith

The interesting story of the Hotel Del Monte is presented by Dr. Edgar Smith of Carmel. First built in 1880, the hotel was one of the most elegant resorts in the west. Dr. Smith examines the history of the hotel until it was leased by the Navy during World War II for use as the Del Monte Pre-Flight School and Radio Technician School.

DTQ Adopts-A-Highway

The california Adopt-A-Highway program utilizes community-minded volunteers to clean up and care for various stretches of highways throughout the state. During 2001 the editors and publishers of the Dogtown Territorial Quarterly began taking care of a two-mile section of Highway 70 located at the entrance to the spectacular Feather River Canyon.


Articles in the 2002 Summer Issue #50
The Dogtown Territorial Quarterly


Gateway to Southern California:
Roads Old and New, Over Cajon Pass
By John W. Robinson

Centuries before the arrival of the white man, Indian footpaths climbed over the gateway to southern California we know today as Cajon Pass for trade with people of the coastal lowlands. Beginning in 1772, the first Europeans led by Captain Pedro Fages crossed the summit, and in 1827 the first Anglo-American, Jedediah Smith, surmounted the pass.

Award-winning author John Robinson chronicles the history of Cajon Pass from its origins as an Indian footpath, its successive development by various people as a horse and pack trail, a wagon road, and finally the progression of automobile highways of the 20th century.

John Bidwell's Role in the 1863 Indian Removal from Chico, Part 2, and Through 1866
By Michele Shover

Michele Shover continues her extensive series on Indian-settler relations in northern California with part 2 of John Bidwell's involvement in the 1863 Indian removal from Chico. Responding to the murder of two young Lewis boys in the Mesilla Valley, angry settlers demanded the removal of all the Indians of Butte County, including those who worked for Bidwell and lived on his ranch.

Michele re-examines the historical evidence surrounding Bidwell's involvement in planning the removal of Indians and his continuing refusal to include his Indian workers in the removal with the rest.

The Dogtown Territorial Quarterly name was changed to the California Terriorial Quarterly beginning with issue #51, Fall 2002.


Articles in the 2002 Fall Issue #51
The California Territorial Quarterly


Fighting Words: Censoring Civil War Journalism in California
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Although California escaped armed conflict during the Civil War, a battle of ideologies raged on in its newspapers. Dr. Chandler's research examines newspapers published in California that reflected the positions of the nation's major political parties and shows how some committed journalistic suicide by promoting unpopular views.

Acquiring the Power of Ready Thought:
The Educational Philosophy of John Swett, The Father of Public School Education in California
By Dr. Nicholas C. Polos

We welcome Dr. Nicholas Polos and his research describing the influence of John Swett as Superintendent of Public Instruction during the Civil War period. He helped to develop a public school system in California unlike that of any other region of the United States.

Sandberg's Summit Hotel on the Old Ridge Route
By John W. Robinson

John Robinson details the history of the Summit Hotel–the most famous rest stop on the Ridge Route, a new road that was opened in 1915 between Castaic and Lebec.

Their Horses Climbed Trees
A California Book Review
By Richard H. Dillon


Articles in the 2002 Winter Issue #52
The California Territorial Quarterly

Winged Feet in the Dust:
Long-Distance Trade Routes in Aboriginal California
By John W. Robinson

Long before the appearance of any Europeans in the West, native tribal groups of the Southwest and Pacific coast had established an extensive network of footpaths and trails used to trade goods with one another. In his extensive research, John Robinson describes the various routes they followed from waterhole to waterhole, the dangers they often encountered, and the kinds of goods they traded with each other for hundreds of years.

Gunny Sacks Galore
By Dr. Edgar C. Smith

California's extensive golden wheat fields fostered the growth of a new industry in the mid-1860s—that of making sacks to hold the grain. Ed Smith examines the birth of the private industry that gave employment to hundreds of people, including a large number of Chinese immigrants. Eventually it became the major industry for prisoners at San Quentin prison as well.

From Pipe Dream to Reality: A Personal Journey Through Time
By Larry & Keith Rogers

Most people are not aware that men from California fought in the Civil War. Neither was Larry Rogers until he decided to find out more about his great grandfather's pipe which had been given to him in his youth. Beginning in 1983 when he retired, he decided to learn more about his distant ancestor. To his great surprise he learned that his great grandfather, a Californian, had volunteered to serve in the CAL 100 with the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry during the Civil War.

After years of research and numerous trips to museums, libraries, and Civil War battlefields, Larry and son, Keith, decided to publish a new referenbce book containing all of the primary source information they found about the CAL 100—Their Horses Climbed Trees.


Articles in the 2003 Spring Issue #53
The California Territorial Quarterly

John Bidwell and California: The Life and Writings of a Pioneer, 1841-1900
First Emigrants on the California Trail
By Michael J. Gillis and Michael F. Magliari

From the moment he set out for California in 1841 with the Bidwell-Bartleson Party, John Bidwell assumed a leading role in the history of California and the West. Of all the American pioneers who settled in California before the gold rush, none enjoyed more subsequent fame and success than Bidwell, and none made as great a contribution to the state's economic, political, and cultural development during the late nineteenth century.

We presnt the firsat chapter of Michael Gillis and Michael Magliari's new book, John Bidwell and California, The Life and Writings of a Pioneer, 1841-1900, published by The Arthur H. Clark Company in Spokane, Washington. Entitled “First Emigrants on the California Trail,” the authors describe the formation of the Bidwell-Bartleson Party and their efforts to cross the plains into California by an overland route. Also included is an anthology of Bidwell's comments on the overland adventure.

Vasquez Rocks: The Southland's Most Famous "Rock Star"
By Marc Wanamaker

We are pleased to welcome film historian Marc Wanamaker as a new contributor to The California Territorial Quarterly. Marc presents a photo essay that describes over 90 years of film making at one of Hollywood's favorite movie and TV locations—Vasquez Rocks. Located at Agua Dulce near Santa Clarita, the tilted and jutting rock formations provided the perfect background for a variety of different types of films and television episodes.

Marc's article includes black and white and color photos from many of the motion picture and television episodes that have been filmed at Vasquez Rocks over the years.


Articles in the 2003 Summer Issue #54
The California Territorial Quarterly

Forty Million Dollars of Food & One Million Gifts
A History of the Friendship & Merci Trains in California
By Dorothy R. Scheele

We are pleased to welcome Dorothy Scheele of West Chester, Pennsylvania as a new contributor to The California Territorial Quarterly. Dorothy brings us the forgotten story about how American citizens came together after World War II to raise $40 million for food relief for the countries of France and Italy which had been devastated by the conflict. Then, sixteen months after the donated food arrived in France, one million gifts from the French people were sent to the United States in sincere appreciation for the assistance.

Father James Croke, Pastor, Mountain Man, Fund Raiser, Extraordinary
By Frances Rohrbacher

Father James Croke arrived in San Francisco in 1850 with a small group of Catholic missionaries bound for Portland, Oregon. Over the next 12 years Father Croke traveled all over northern California and southern Oregon, visiting remote mining camps where he ministered to Catholics in all walks of life. One of his greatest accomplishments was his traveling collection activities where he raised funds for a new San Francisco college which opened in July 1863 under the name of St. Mary's College.

The California Letter
By John Fox

This new article by John Fox was inspired by the discovery of several shoe boxes crammed full of letters from America dating back to 1871 which were found in the ruins of an Irish farmhouse in 1963. The letters were sent home to Ireland by John's distant relatives who had emigrated to California and Nevada following the Gold Rush.

These letters and three other collections of correspondence are used to give us the feeling of just how much the new immigrants longed for 'th 'oul country of their birth.


Articles in the 2003 Fall Issue #55
The California Territorial Quarterly

The Big Four Move South: The Building of the Southern Pacific Railroad
By John W. Robinson

After the transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, the owners of the Central Pacific Railroad, commonly referred to as the Big Four, embarked upon a plan to obtain controlling interest in the several independent rail lines that branched our from Sacramento so they could have a monopoly on rail transportation into and out of California.

John Robinson examines the history of building the Southern Pacific Railroad by Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker and the heavy-handed way they accomplished their goal through stealth, promises, bribes, and strong-armed politics.

David Jack and the Robber Barons: High Profile Business Relationships of the 19th Century
By Kenneth Jack

We are pleased to present another interesting article by Kenneth jack of Pitlochry, Scotland about the Monterey County landowners David Jack and his business dealings with the Nevada Comstock's Silver Kings and California's infamous Big Four railroad tycoons, among others.

Known as “Robber Barons,” these high profile businessmen with their less than priveleged backgrounds, were drawn together by their common interest in obtaining land and property and the wealth that went along with it.


Articles in the 2003 Winter Issue #56
The California Territorial Quarterly


The Indian Removal to Round Valley in 1863: A Reconsideration, Part One
By Michele Shover

One of the darkest episodes in the history of northern California happened in 1863 when angry white settlers forced the removal of 461 Native Americans from Chico to the Round Valley Reservation. Reservation descendants remember it as the Nome Cult Death Trail, a 100-mile trek led by abusive soldiers who killed some 32 people.

Research by Michele Shover, however, documents a significantly greater tragedy with a much higher death toll, but challenges commonly accepted beliefs about how they may have met their demise.

The History of National Women's History Month
By Molly Murphy MacGregor

March is Women's History Month and we welcome Molly Murphy MacGregor, president and co-founder of the National Women's History Project with a short history of the organization.

Two Remarkable California Pioneers: Eliza Farnham and Georgiana Bruce Kirby
By Jo Ann Levy

Jo Ann Levy brings us another interesting story from her new book, Unsettling the West, which details the contributions of two California pioneer reformers, Eliza Farnham and Georgiana Bruce Kirby.

Revisiting Eugene Macnamara's Irish Colony Scheme in California
By John Fox

John Fox presents an update on Father Macnamara, who came close to acquiring 20,000 square miles of California for 3,000 Irish colonists prior to the American takeover of California in July 1846.


Articles in the 2004 Spring Issue #57
The California Territorial Quarterly


The Indian Removal to Round Valley in 1863: A Reconsideration, Part Two
The Indians' Account: Soldier Savagery

By Michele Shover

Part two of Michele Shover's article about the 1863 Indian removal from Chico to Round Valley continues with an analysis of the various Indian oral accounts of the tragedy, and compares tyhem with published accounts by settlers, soldiers, and government officials.

James F. Eddy Ends His Journey
By Michele Shover

Recent research has revealed another tragedy that occurred a few months after the Indian removal—that of the death of James Eddy, the Special Indian Agent who was charged with protecting and caring for the 461 Indians who were force-marched from Chico to Covelo.

Joseph W. Palmer: Banker, Bank Robber, Huckster
The 19th Century's Highest Stakes Gambler
By Christopher Burchfield

Christopher Burchfield presents an interesting, although little-known story about the rise and fall of the infamous San Francisco banking firm of Palmer, Cook and Company, California's most powerful institution of the 1850s.

My Checkered Life
By Luzena Stanley Wilson & Fern Henry

Luzena Stanley Wilson traveled overland to Sacramento, California in 1849 where she and her husband bought an interest in a boarding house on what is now known as K Street. After losing everythiong they had in the January 1850 flood, they tried their luck in Nevada City before finally settling down in the Vacaville area.

Historian Fern Henry presents some of Luzena's memories from her new book and compliments them with other contemporary pioneer accounts and historical background.


Articles in the 2004 Summer Issue #58
The California Territorial Quarterly

New Light on the Life of Pierson Barton Reading
By Madge Richardson Walsh

Shasta County historian Madge Walsh presents some new information she has gleaned about Pierson B. Reading, owner of the 26,632-acre Rancho Buena Ventura land grant which was located along the west bank of the Sacramento River near today's Redding, California. In her quest to transcribe and publish Reading's account of his 1843 overland journey in book form, she uncovered some interesting revelations about Reading's background, including the California discovery of a family heirloom that dates back to 1513.

The West's Greatest Claim Jump
A Story of High Crimes in High Places
By Christopher Burchfield

Chris Burchfield presents an article from his yet unpublished book about the Mariposa Grant. A tremendous amount of misunderstanding and ignorance surrounds the history of the grant where Fremont is regarded as a local hero. Overall, when the expanse of land, the number of people dispossessed, and the enormous sums of money made and lost is taken into account, the Mariposa Grant ranks as the greatest claim jump in the history of the West.

Wells Fargo: A California Company Goes North of the Border
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Wells Fargo historian Dr. Robert Chandler presents new research derived from the archives of Wells Fargo Bank in San Francisco where he has worked as their senior historical researcher since 1978.

Bob's new article focuses on Wells, Fargo & Company's expansion from California into Oregon beginning in 1852, and shows how the banking and express business developed in both states as competitors dealt with new challenges and circumstances throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.


Articles in the 2004 Fall Issue #59
The California Territorial Quarterly

Rails to San Diego
By John W. Robinson

Although talk of building a railroad from San Diego to Yuma, Arizona was discussed as early as 1845, work would not begin until April 21, 1873, when the Texas and Pacific Railroad agreed to lay track from Marshall, Texas, overland to San Diego, which would become its western terminus of a new transcontinental line.

John Robinson sorts out the various attempts by several railroad companies to build rails to San Diego and the obstacles they faced, including fierce opposition from the monopolistic Southern Pacific Railroad that wanted no competing railroads entering California.

Unlocking the Secrets of the Mariposa Grant
The Rise of Captain John Boling
The Fremonts Trapped Inside Their Bear Valley Home

By Christopher Burchfield

Two years after a secret survey flipped the Mariposa Estate from the less productive areas of Mariposa Creek, over the town of Mariposa onto Bear Valley, representatives of owner John C. Fremont began a systematic effort to eject individual miners between Mount Ophir and the Merced River from their claims.

Chris Burchfield continues his examination of the attempts by Fremont's representatives to enforce what they thought were his rights to the gold mining areas worked and developed by others.

What Do We Want? The Emperor Norton Bridge!
When Do We Want It? Now!

By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

A popular movement to rename the Oakland Bay Bridge the “Emperor Norton Bridge” is underway in the San Francisco Bay Area. The chairman of the Committee to Rename the Bay Bridge is none other thasn our illustrious historical advisor and frequent contributor Bob Chandler—who recently became a cartoon character!

Articles in the 2004 Winter Issue #60
The California Territorial Quarterly


John Sutter and His Fort
By John Kelly & George Stammerjohan

Sutter's Indian Guard
By George Stammerjohan

John Sutter and Hock farm
By James Lenhoff

Suttersville: A Pipe Dream at Best
By Eileen Hook

What Time Is It?
By Glenn Della-Monica

He Came With a Dream
By Ranger Jeff Jones

From Ruins to Renown:
The Story of Old Sacramento's Restoration

By Rosanne Smith McHenry

Sutter's Last Stand
By Breverly Bass Beers

Some New Opinions on John Augustus Sutter
By George Stammerjohan

James McDowell, Sutter's Gunsmith
By Glenn Della-Monica

A New Covered Wagon for Sutter's Fort
By Frank Tortorich

Recent Historical Discoveries at Sutter's Fort
By Steve Beck & Michelle Atkinson

Distressing News of the Donner Party

Articles in the 2005 Spring Issue #61
The California Territorial Quarterly

The Fred Harvey System
Civilizer of the American Southwest

By Donald Duke

Fred Harvey became a restaurant and hotel concessionaire for the Santa Fe Railway in 1876 and quickly made the serving of food a profession in the West. Where the inhabitants had been used to rooting about in a bacon-and beans wilderness, Harvey made the Southwest bloom with vintage claret and quail under glass.

We are very pleased to welcome Donald Duke, publisher of Golden West books since 1960, to the pages of the Territorial. Well known to railroad buffs, Mr. Duke has published over 260 railroad books, including more than 20 under his own name.

Crossing California's Sahara
Imperial County's Plank Road

By John W. Robinson

Residents of San Diego and the fast booming Imperial Valley desired to become the western terminus of a proposed “Ocean to Ocean Highway” but were faced with crossing the Algodones Sand Dunes, a shifting expanse of sand between the Imperial Valley and Yuma, Arizona.

John Robinson explains how the construction of a twin track wooden plank road over the sand dunes came about beginning in 1912 and the problems the builders faced crossing the shifting sands.

A Million Dollars in Real Estate
A Mexican Land Grant Becomes a Widow's Fortune

By Lois H. McDonald

After John Bidwell died in 1900, his widow Annie was faced with paying off a large mortgage on their 22,00-acre Rancho del Arroyo Chico which John had purchased from William Dickey in 1849.

Lois McDonald chronicles the steps taken by Annie in her quest to pay off the mortagage obligation and the spirited way she assumed control of her personal affairs.

Articles in the 2005 Summer Issue #62
The California Territorial Quarterly

The End of the California Indian War
on the Butte County Front, 1864-1865

By Michele Shover

We are pleased to present the final article in Michele Shover's series on the Indian-settler conflicts in northern California in the 1850s and 1860s. This account examines the Mill Creeks’ attack on the Workman home in the Yankee Hill area which killed two and gravely injured Mrs. Workman, who eventually died from her injuries, and tracks the settlers’ pursuit party that sought retribution for the deadly deed, in what became known as the Three Knolls Massacre.

Fighting the Mill Creeks:
Being a Personal Account of Campaigns Against the Indians of the Northern Sierra

By Robert Allen Anderson

One major source of information used by Michele Shover in her series on northern California Indian-settler conflicts is the personal account of Robert Anderson's involvement in the Indian pursuit parties, of which he was a prominent leader and participant.

Anderson wrote his memoir in 1909 when he was in his early seventies about fifty years after the events occurred. His candid first-person account relates an exciting and adventurous tale written by a man who lived during a time when attitudes toward Indians were extremely hostile and settler families lived in constant fear of their surprise attacks.

New Research Reveals Correct Picture of Hi Good
By Richard Burrill

New research by Ishi historian and author Richard Burrill has uncovered new evidence and another photograph of Hi Good that appears to indicate that the man in the group photograph we've long thought was Hi Good may not be the correct man.

Articles in the 2005 Fall Issue #63
The California Territorial Quarterly

Antonio Maria Armijo:
New Mexico Trader to Californio Ranchero

By John W. Robinson

Antonio Maria Armijo pioneered trade caravans from New Mexico to California beginning in 1829. John Robinson details how many of the New Mexico traders ended up obtaining land grants in northern California with the help of General Mariano Vallejo.

The Captivity of the Oatman Girls
New Research & Interview with Margot Mifflin

By Deborah and Jon Lawrence

We are pleased to welcome Deborah and Jon Lawrence to the pages of the Territorial. Their interview with Margot Mifflin explores new research about the Oatman Massacre and the captivity of two Oatman sisters, which took place west of Gila Bend in 1851.

William Parker Lyon's Pony Express Museum
By Donald Duke

William Parker Lyon became a millionaire with his Lyon Van & Storage Company in Los Angeles and spent much of his time and money visiting old ghost towns and acquiring western memorabilia for his Pony Express Museum in Arcadia, California.

The Reign of Trenor Park
The Mariposa Company Left in Ruins

By Christopher Burchfield

Christopher Burchfield continues his series on John Fremont and the Mariposa Grant with more scandals and shenanigans by Fremont and his business partners.

Sourdough: Yeast of the Gold Rush
By Donald Duke

Donald Duke presents another interesting article about the use of sourdough during the California gold rush and presents some recipes for those who would like to try it for themselves.

Articles in the 2005 Winter Issue #64
The California Territorial Quarterly

The Sweet, Sad Song of yellow Bird
Caqlifornia's Confederate Cherokee

By Christopher Burchfield

Christopher Burchfield presents the story of John Rollin Ridge, whose Cherokee name was Yellow Bird. Read how the murder of his father and grandfather motivated him to write the classic tale, The Life and Adventures of Joaquin Murieta, California's Celebrated Bandit, and changed the course of his family's lives.

Ishi and the Long Concealment
By Paul Bowman

Paul Bowman explores the reasons why Ishi's family left their ancestral homeland in Mill Creek Canyon to wander about northern California for nearly 12 years, and why they returned.

The Reverend John O'Hanlon's Irish Immigrant's Guide for the United States in 1851
By Frances A. and Richard W. Rohrbacher

Frances and Richard Rohrbacher discovered O'Hanlon's Irish Immigrant's Guide in the National Library in Dublin while traveling in Ireland. Subsequent research uncovered more about Father O'Hanlon's life and why he decided to help Irish immigrants.

William Kelly, Gentleman Gold Digger
California, 1849-50; Australia, 1853 and 1858

By John Fox

Our British correspondent, John Fox, brings us a new story about an Irish adventurer named William Kelly, who came to the California gold rush by covered wagon across the plains after arriving on the east coast from Liverpool in 1849.

Articles in the 2006 Spring Issue #65
The California Territorial Quarterly

Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror
Scenes of Death and Destruction

By Trumbull White

We are pleased to present this very descriptive story of the San Francisco Earthquake written by Trumbull White and published shortly after the catastrophe occurred on the morning of April 18, 1906.

The story begins with “The Doomed City” which describ es the initial shock and damge caused by the earthquake and the fear of the panic-stricken residents and visitors who were the victims of it. Many of the stronger buildings survived the earthquake only to succumb to the uncontrollable fires that followed.

“San Francisco a Roaring Furnace” continues with the devastation that occurred during the second day of the raging inferno—obliterating the entire financial, hotel, and theatre districts and wiping out most of the residential districts, including Nob Hill and all of Chinatown.

“Third Day Adds to Horror” describes how the fires were eventually contained at several points by dusk, and why the authorities felt they had the situation under control. Then, late in the afternoon a fierce gale from the northwest began to blow, reigniting the fires and sweeping over fifty acres of the waterfront.

“Twenty Square Miles of Wreck and Ruin” was all that was left at the end of the fourth day, and this section details what was lost and what was left of the once-majestic City of San Francisco.

Finally, “Scenes of Terror, Death and Heroism” and “Thrilling Personal Experiences” concludes the story with numerous eye-witness accounts of the catastrophe—including thrilling escapes, deeds of daring and heroism, pathetic street incidents, and personal tragedies.

The City of Souls: Colma, California
By Pat Hatfield

In 1900 the City of San Francisco outlawed burials in the city and county of San Francisco due to a shortage of space for cemeteries because the city was surrounded by water on three sides and the land was just too valuable. In 1914 cemetery owners were ordered to relocate all bodies and monuments and Colma, California became their new resting place with 13 cemeteries being created there by 1924.

Articles in the 2006 Summer Issue #66
The California Territorial Quarterly

Alexis Godey: Indian Friend or Indian Killer?
By John W. Robinson

Forty-five years after he died in 1889, John Fremont's trusted scout and close associate, Alexis Godey, was accused of a heinous act of mass murder, but was stoutly defended by those who had known him personally over a period of many years.

John Robinson re-examines how the accusation s came to be made, the two articles about them, and describes in detail just what kind of man Godey was through his actions and the statements of people familiar with the area and the circumstances.

William Bowden Phillips
Early Pioneer of Mariposa County

By Warren B. Carah

News of the gold strike in California in 1848 motivated hundreds of Cornish miners in the Galena Minig District of souythwestern Wisconsin to travel to the gold fields. Starting from their home in Mineral Point, Wisconsin, William Phillips and his family joined the Badger Company, a wagon party that included Asa Bennett and Ransom Moody and, althgough late in catching up, William Manley, who later wrote Death Valley in '49, a classic account in Western Frontier history.

The author is the great-great-great grandson of William Phillips and has spent a great deal of time retracing the steps of his family's ancestor, who eventually settled in Mariposa, California.

Ho! For the Kern River: Andrew Smith Hallidie
Edited By Richard H. Dillon

Probably the least-known of the secondary California rushes for gold occurred in 1853 on the Kern River in the southern Sierra Nevada. In this little-known account by Andrew Smith Hallidie, details of the San Joaquin Valley when it was still almost terra incognita, are revealed in this personal account by a man who would go on to become the “toast of the town” of San Francisco.

J.S. Holliday, Passionate Historian of California
Obituary By Carl Nolte, San Francisco Chronicle

Articles in the 2006 Fall Issue #67
The California Territorial Quarterly

Recollections of a '49er
By Edward Washington McIlhany
Annotated & Researched By Scott J. Lawson

Edward McIlhany made the arduous trek across the plains to northern California, tried his luck gold mining at Shasta, and finally landed at Bidwell's Bar in the fall of 1849 where he spent a very wet winter. After an unsuccessful river mining venture at American Bar on the Middle Fork of the Feather River the following spring, he made up his mind to become a professional mule packer.

Scott Lawson, the director of the Plumas County Museum in Quincy, California, brings McIlhany's experiences back to life in the first reprinting of his book, “Recollections of a '49er,” since 1908, and has meticulously annotated and researched the events described by McIlhany in his informative end notes.

McIlhany's adventures while packing goods to gold m iners, provide readers with an excellent first-hand account of life in the gold mining camps of the northern Sierra Nevada range that included Bidwell's Bar, Rich Bar, Onion Valley, Nelson Point, Hopkinsville, Gibsonville, La Porte, and Downieville, among many others.

Boontling: The Local Dialect of Boonville and the Sothern Anderson Valley
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler, aka ECV Clamp Patriarch Bob Chandler, Yerba Buena #1

Residents of Boonville, California and the southern Anderson Valley area surrounding it enjoy the peculiar distinction of having their own private language—known as Boontling—and it's a dialect only spoken by the local inhabitants.

Woe be to the occasional tourist that wanders into the area, whom, through their ignorance and illiteracy, become mystified when approached by Boontlingers speaking in strange tongues.

Dr. Robert J. Chandler, aka ECV Clamp Patriarch Bob Chandler, Yerba Buena #1, delves into the history and development of this strange, but interesting language, and celebrates the commemoration of Anderson Valley's first “Buckey Walter.”

Articles in the 2006 Winter Issue #68
The California Territorial Quarterly

Where the Buffalo Roam
By Donald Duke

Buffalo in California? Not many people know that there have been herds of buffalo in California since the early 1930s. We welcome Donald Duke once again with another interesting story about the destruction and slaughter of the American buffalo and the efforts to save and restore the buffalo herds.

Death at Caborca: The Massacre of the Crabb Expedition
By Christopher Burchfield

This very interesting little-known tragic event occurred in 1857 in the Mexican state of Sonora at the town of Caborca and is presented by frequent contributor Chris Burchfield.

Pyramid of the American West
By Donald Duke

The building of the transcontinental railroad required the energy and talents of many people who became famous for their role in the monumental effort. Two brothers who played a pivotal role in the Union Pacific were Oakes and Oliver Ames. Donald Duke explains how they died broken men and what the Union Pacific did to honor their memory.

Guests of the Golden Mountain
By Chris J. Wright

We are pleased to welcome a new contributor, Chris Wright from Tulelake, California. He presents the story of Chinese immigration to California which began in the summer of 1848, and the development of Chinatowns in the Sacramento Delta region.

Mark Twain & Ruel Gridley's Sack of Flour
The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County

By Samuel L. Clemens

Just in time for the annual Calaveras County Fair & Jumping Frog Jubilee we present the classic tale by Samuel L. Clemens, more popularly known as Mark Twain, of "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County." This year's contest is held from May 16-20, 2007.

Articles in the 2007 Spring Issue #69
The California Territorial Quarterly

They Went by Way of Panama
By Dr. Edgar C. Smith

Sailing to Panama on the Baltic, as shown on our cover, appears to be like a pleasure cruise; but for the Lincoln family from Illinois, it was a crowded, unpleasant experience that they endured to reach their new home in California. Ed Smith uses family correspondence and skillful primary research to reveal what the journey was like.

The Great Bare: Adah Menken, The Naked Lady, Dazzles the Gold Rush West and Young Mark Twain
By Michael Foster and Barbara Foster

In the nearly all-male society of San Francisco and Virginia City, Nevada, Adah Menken's tantalizing appearance in local theaters caused quite a sensation and lifted the spirits (but not the morals) of the freedom-loving miners and merchants. We are pleased to welcome Mike and Barbara Foster as new contributors to the Territorial.

An Interview With J.S. Holliday
Conducted by Deborah and Jon Lawrence

We are very pleased to be able to present what may be J.S. Holliday's last new published work—an engaging interview with Deborah and Jon Lawrence that reveals the passion and thoughtful insights of the man that many consider to be the "foremost historian on the California Gold Rush." His two books, The World Rushed In and Rush for Riches, have both received wide critical acclaim and are a "must-read" for any serious student of the California Gold Rush.

Wells Fargo's Stagecoaching: An 1860s Turf War
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

There is no one who understands Wells Fargo stagecoaching better than Bob Chandler, the Senior Research Historian for Wells Fargo Bank Historical Services in San Francisco. Originally published in Journal of the West, this revised article examines the competitive forces battling one another for dominance of the stage, mail and express routes of the West in the 1860s.

Articles in the 2007 Summer Issue #70
The California Territorial Quarterly

Sanuel Bishop: A Man of Many Careers
By John W. Robinson

The town of Bishop and nearby Bishop Creek in the Owens Valley were named for a dynamo of a man who had more careers in one lifetime than most. His name was Samuel Bishop and thanks to research by John Robinson his interesting life is revealed.

Chinatown Squad: Policing the Ethnic Underworld of San Francisco
By Kevin J. Mullen

We are pleased to welcome Kevin Mullen as a new contributor to the Territorial. Beginning with this issue Kevin starts a new series of articles about the fabled Chinatown Squad which was brought into existence by the California State Legislature in 1878.

We Care That She Cared: Dedication of a Headstone for Juana Briones
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Born in Hispanic California, Juana Briones was the first female settler at Yerba Buena [San Francisco] in the mid-1830s. She transformed an isolated cove into her rancho where she raised cattle and grew vegetables for sale to ship crews. She gave sactuary to refugees and was a healer and caregiver. Recently her gravesite was rediscovered and dedicated by ECV.

Captain Augustus W. Starr 100-Year Memorial & Gravesite Marker Dedication
By Captain Donald G. Treco

We are pleased to welcome Donald G. Treco as a new contributor to the Territorial. He is responsible for forming the recreated 2nd California Cavalry, Company F, a group of volunteer reenactors who perform cavalry maneuvers and give public demonstrations. Don reenacts the role of Captain Augustus Starr who led the original company and while doing research he discovered the gravesite of Starr in the St. Helena Public Cemetery. We are happy to present the Eulogy that Don Treco delivered at Starr's gravesite dedication June 26, 2007.

Articles in the 2007 Fall Issue #71
The California Territorial Quarterly

The Navy Went Over the Mountains: The Wilkes Exploring Expedition
By Dr. Edgar C. Smith

In 1838 the U.S. Navy sent six ships and 346 men on an exploring expedition that was gone almost four years and brought back over 65,000 specimens of plants and animals, as well as some 2,500 Native American artifacts such as clothing, bows, arrows, and war clubs.

Commander Charles Wilkes led the expedition from his flagship, Vincennes, under orders that sent them "to the Pacific Ocean and South Seas, to examine the coasts, islands, harbors, shoals and reefs in those seas, and to ascertain their true situation and description."

Ed Smith brings us this interesting story as a result of his extensive research for information and illustrations he uncovered at the U.S. Naval Historical Center and the Library of Congress.

Chinatown Squad, Part 2: Policing the Ethnic Underworld of San Francisco
By Kevin J. Mullen

Kevin Mullen brings us another installment of his exceptional series about the fabled Chinatown Squad which was brought into existence under the termds of the McCoppin ct, a law passed by the California State Legislature in 1878 to reorganize and strengthen the San Francisco Police Department. Three interesting new chapters: The Squad, Tong Wars, and Due Process, are covered in this issue.

The Honorable George H. Crosette: Gold Rush California's Most Exciting Editor
By Christopher Burchfield

We are pleased to have Chris Burchfield brings us another interesting article, this time about George Crosette, the colorful editor of the Butte Record, an 1850s newspaper that began in the gold rush camp of Bidwell's bar, moved to the Butte county seat of Oroville after the gold excitement calmed down, and eventually ended up in Chico, where it evolved into today's Chico Enterprise Record.

Articles in the 2007 Winter Issue #72
The California Territorial Quarterly

Phineas Banning: Southern California's Transportation King and Port Admiral
By John W. Robinson

John Robinson has contributed more scholarly articles to this magazine than any other author or researcher—and along with our other historicasl advisors and frequent contributors—George Stammerjohan, Bob Chandler, Ben Hughes, and Ed Smith—has been directly responsible for ensuring the quality of research in the interesting stories our readers have come to enjoy over the last eighteen years.

John's masterful account of the life of Phineas Banning is yet another example of the quality of his reseaqrch and writing skills. An absolute dynamo of a man, Banning accomplished more in his short life than most others due to his perservering drive and determination. Beginning as a dock worker, freight and stage driver at San Pedro in 1851, he quickly gained the admiration and respect of those he encountered.

Chinatown Squad, Part 3: Policing the Ethnic Underworld of San Francisco
By Kevin J. Mullen

Kevin Mullen presents the third installment of his fascinating series about the fabled Chinatown Squad which was brought into existence under the terms of the McCoppin Act, a law passed by the California State Legislature in 1878 to reorganize and strengthen the San Francisco Police Department. Three interesting new chapters: The sack, Little Pete, and Picking the Chief, are covered in this issue.

California 1854: A Time When Politics Mattered
By Christopher Burchfield

Chris Burchfield is considerd to be one of the most knowledgeable historians when it comes to the history and practice of dueling in California. In this issue he presents a very timely story about the heated political climate in California when personal disputes were settled on the "field of honor" in somewhat horrific dueling matches.

Articles in the 2008 Spring Issue #73
The California Territorial Quarterly

Juana Briones de Miranda: The First Woman Settler of San Francisco
By Mary Lou Lyon

We are pleased to welcome Mary Lou Lyon as a new contributor to the Territorial with her interesting story about Juana Briones. She acted as nurse and doctor for the small community of Yerba Buena, administering to rich and poor, resident and non-resident alike.

The Pioneer Women of the Stephens-Murphy-Townsend Party—Mary Bolger Murphy; Lady Diana Murphy Hill Rhodes; Catherine O'Toole Murphy Dunne; Sarah Montgomery Green Wallis
By Mary Lou Lyon

Much has been written about the men of the Stephens-Murphy-Townsend overland party of 1844, but very little has been published about the lives of the intertesting pioneer women who endured the same privation and hardships on the long journey to California.

Chinatown Squad, Part 4: Policing the Ethnic Underworld of San Francisco
By Kevin J. Mullen

Kevin Mullen brings us another installment of his exceptional series about the fabled Chinatown Squad which was brought into existence under the terms of the McCoppin Act, a law passed by the California State Legislature in 1878 to reorganize and strengthen the San Francisco Police Derpartment. Three new interesting chapters: The Fisk Committee, Decade of Trumoil, and Jesse Cook, are covered in this issue.

Salmon Fishery on the Sacramento River
By C.A. Kirkpatrick/Hutchings California Magazine

Recent news about the closing of the salmon fishing season prompted us to reprint this interesting salmon report from June 1860.

Articles in the 2008 Summer Issue #74
The California Territorial Quarterly

Nimrod of the Mountains: L.A. Holmes, Editor of the Mariposa Gazette
By Christopher Burchfield

We present another of Chris Burchfield's interesting stories about the pioneer newspaper editors of California, this time about the very colorful, if not downright disrespectful, editor of the Mariposa Gazette, L.A. Holmes, and how the women of Mariposa got their revenge.

HUZZAH! 150 Years of the Overland Mail
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Delivery of mail from the East to California increased from two times a month by sea to eight times a month when the Overland Mail Company's stagecoach started service, first arriving in San Francisco on October 10, 1858. Bob Chandler celebrates its 150th anniversary with a short history and personal accounts of the stagecoach journey West.

Where the Rubber Met the Rails: How the Metz Automobile Drove the Mt. Lowe Railway
By Michael Patris

We are honored to welcome Michael patris as a new contributor to the Territorial with his very interesting story about how Thaddeus Lowe's famous incline railway above Pasadena, California provided a tempting climbing challenge for Charles Metz's 1914 Model 22 Roadster.

Preacher Go West: The Fascinating Memoirs of Bela N. Seymour
Oroville: The Wickedest Mining Camp in California

Memoir by Bela N. Seymour/Epilogue by James Lenhoff

Over the years we've heard stories about many places that supposedly were the wickedest places in the West, but when the description emanates from a preacher of God, one takes notice. We thank James Lenhoff and the Butte County Historical Society for permission to reprint this fascinating memoir of Reverend Bela N. Seymour.


Articles in the 2008 Fall Issue #75
The California Territorial Quarterly

Frank Marryat and the California Legacy Series
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

English sportsman and adventurer Frank Marryat came to California in June 1850 to hunt game animals and ended up writing "Mountains & Molehills," a memoir of his time in the golden state. Bob Chandler introduces Marryat's work.

The Railroad Tramp
By Donald Duke

From the first days of steam trains there were men who preferred to ride on or under a train without payment, and did so. Donald Duke chronicles the lives of these wandering and adventurous men who became widely known as railroad tramps, bums, or hoboes.

John "Shanghai Chicken" Devine
By Kevin Mullen

John Devine spent his last few days aboard the American ship Young America in irons for fighting with mates before he landed in San Francisco in 1861. His proclivity for fighting was quickly put to good use silencing sailors who objected to being shanghaied.

The Stock Market Crash o 1929: An Eyewitness Account
An Ethical Con Man: The Adventures of George Wolcott

By George M. Wolcott, Epilogue by Bill Anderson

George Wolcott witnessed the collapse of the New York Stock Market in 1929 and recalls its impact upon the economy. His own career took a dramatic turn after the Depression when he became a business engineer.

The Christmas Jug Band's Jugonomic Stimulous Tour
2008 Butte County Fire Prevetion Benefit

By Bill Anderson, Benefit Review by Jaime O'Neill

This summer's series of disastrous fires in Butte County destroyed nearly 300 homes and left a blackened scar across sixty thousand acres of prime timber and grazing lands. Read how this irreverent crew of talented musicians raised $15,000 for fire prevention activities.


Articles in the 2008 Winter Issue #76
The California Territorial Quarterly

California Goes to Washington
James W. Denver and Philemon T. Herbert

By Christopher Burchfield

When California became a state in 1850 its newly-elected senators and representatives made quite an impression upon the politicos in Washington, D.C. Chris Burchfield tells the stories of some of the most notable of these characters, including duelist James W. Denver and the scandalous exploits of Philemon T. Herbert.

Ubiquitous Ned: Too Big for Fiction—Too Big for Life
By Christopher Burchfield

Edward McGowan had already been in trouble with the law and had to leave Pennsylvania in a hurry, deciding upon California as his destination, arriving shortly after California's 1850 Constitutional Convention. He quickly became involved in California's political scene, becoming an ally of David Broderick. Chris weaves the tale of political intrigue, dueling matches, and other scandalous activities of "Ned" McGowan.

John "Shanghai Chicken" Devine
By Kevin Mullen

John Devine spent his last few days aboard the American ship "Young America" in irons for fighting with mates before he landed in San Francisco in 1861. His proclivity for fighting was quickly put to good use silencing sailors who objected to being shanghaied.

Volunteers Advancing Defensible Space
Proposal for Fire Protection Assessment District

Last summer's series of devastating fires have both private citizens and Town of Paradise and Butte County leaders investigating practical ways to increase fire protection within our communities. One new volunteer group will assist homeowners who are either physically unable to clear their dense brush or cannot afford to have it done. Paradise Town Manager Chuch Rough is advocating the establishment of a new Fire Protection Assessment District to accomplish several other major fire prevention goals, including fuel breaks and evacuation routes.

Good Bye Sydney: The Damndest Marine of Them All
By George M. Wolcott

Guantanamo Bay has been in the news lately so we thought you might enjoy this amusing story about some of the U.S. Marines that were stationed there in 1917, just prior to the United States entering World War One.


Articles in the 2009 Spring Issue #77
The California Territorial Quarterly

Norman Clyde of the High Sierra
By John W. Robinson

John Robinson not only reserches and writes about California trails and mountains, he has personally traversed and climbed most of them. Who better then to tell the story of California's most prolific climber with 170 first ascents of California's highest mountains!

The Thunderer, Calvin B. McDonald
By Christopher Burchfield

Perhaps the most learned writer during the California Gold Rush era was Calvin McDonald, whose prose drew more praise from his contemporaries than any other Golden State editor.

Sacred Stones
By Paul Bowman

Wherever they may be found—in the Siskiyous, the Andes or the Himalayas—wayside shrines resemble small hills or mountains.

So You Think You've Got Troubles
By Jaime O'Neill

Consider the troubles of James Fitzwilliam and by comparison, you'll feel better about whatever troubles you may be facing yourself. We welcome freelance word weaver Jaime O'Neill as a new contributor.

The Old Sacramento City Cemetery
By Deborah & Jon Lawrence

California's cemeteries not only provide a place to honor those who have passed on, it also serves as a great resource for historians conducting research—and in this case, it's the Old Sacramento City Cemetery.

Notes From Ishi Land
By Paul Bowman

Paul met Ad Kessler as a student at CSU-Chico in 1974 when he spoke to his class about his personal discovery of Ishi in 1911 outside Oroville.


Articles in the 2009 Summer Issue #78
The California Territorial Quarterly

Wells Fargo Never Forgets
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

The speed, dependability and trustworthiness exhibited by Wells Fargo's employees explains why most gold was shipped by the historic express business. Wells Fargo Historian Bob Chandler documents the criminals who tried to earn their living at the expense of Wells Fargo and its team of agents, shotgun messengers and detectives.

Wells Fargo and the Earp Brothers: The Cash Books Talk
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Did Wells Fargo pay the Earp brothers to kill Curley Bill Brocious and Frank Stillwell as revenge for wounding Virgil Earp and murdering Morgan Earp in Tombstone? A review of the cash books provides the answer.

Under Cover for Wells Fargo, A Review Essay
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Was Fred Dodge an undercover agent for Wells Fargo when he came to Tombstone, Arizona Terrritory, in 1880, or did he fabricate his claims so he could become an equal to Wyatt Earp and his brothers in the eyes of historians? Bob Chandler challenges the commonly held belief.

The Great Trinity Mountain Express Robbery
By Christopher Burchfield

Shasta citizenns formed a posse of some thirty men to track down robbers along one of the longest and loneliest trails in California.

The San Gabriel Canyon Railroad and the Forks Dam Fiasco
By John W. Robinson

The San Gabriel Canyon Railroad was built for the purpose of hauling construction equipment and materials or the great Forks Dam, a proposed 425-foot concrete dam that would be 1,700 feet across. John Robinson documents why the project didn't turn out as planned.

A Tribute to Norton Buffalo
By Jaime O'Neill

Norton Buffalo is best known as the harmonica player for the Steve Miller Band for the past 34 years, but when he came back from this summer's tour he was diagnosed with stage four lung cancer.


Articles in the 2009 Fall Issue #79
The California Territorial Quarterly

Los Chaguanosos: Adventurers of All Nations
By John W. Robinson

The opening of the Old Spanish Trail between Santa Fe and Los Angeles brought California's abundance of fine horses and mules to the attention of New Mexican, American, and Indian marauders who were soon blamed for a great increase in stock theivery.

Pegleg Smith and His Lost Gold Mine: Fact or Fable?
By John W. Robinson

Pegleg Smith's "lost gold mine" created more mystery, legend, and excitement than any other, and over the years it has lured numerous amateur prospectors in a futile search for it.

The Pacific Coast Lumber Trade
By Terrence Ryan

We welcome Terrence Ryan, a former merchant mariner, with his interesting article about the Pacific coast lumber trade and its role in building much of the Western United States.

Murder in Mexican San Francisco
By Kevin J. Mullen

By most accounts, there was little crime in Mexican California, but investigations conducted by Kevin Mullen have uncovered evidence that suggests conditions were other than a crime-free paradise.

The Importance of the Human Past
By Paul Bowman

Every well-considered undertaking begins with a review of the methods employed by one or more similar undertakings in the past.

The Little Man of God
By George M. Wolcott


Articles in the 2009 Winter Issue #80
The California Territorial Quarterly

The Perils of Pauline Cushman: Dramatist or Drama Queen?
By Anne E. Collier

We welcome Anne Collier as a new contributor to the Territorial with her interesting article about Pauline Cushman, an actress who became a spy for Union forces during the Civil War.

Broderick & Terry: Two Men With a Past
&Dr. Samuel Langdon

By Christopher Burchfield

Chris Burchfield shares some new research about David Broderick and David Terry's early dueling activities and the repeated efforts of two agrieved Stockton doctors to conduct a affair of honor.

The Statue of Thomas Starr King Has Come Home
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Bob Chandler brings us an interesting story about Thomas Starr King, pastor of the First Unitarian Church in San Francisco from 1860-1864, and the inclusion of his statue in the National Statuary Hall in Washington, D.C. until it was returned to California in late 2009.

An Interview With Robert Chandler
Transcribed and Edited by Deborah and Jon Lawrence

Territorial readers are very familiar with the research and writings of Robert Chandler, a frequent contributor and advisor to this magazine. He is also widely known by California and Western historians as an expert on Wells Fargo, and California during the Civil War, and has assisted numerous other researchers in their quest for information and illustrations on many other aspects of California's rich history. Deborah and Jon Lawrence recently spent some time interviewing Bob about his 31-year career as a research historian for Wells Fargo Bank in San Francisco, a position that will come to an end this summer when he retires from the highly respected firm.


Articles in the 2010 Spring Issue #81
The California Territorial Quarterly

Pony Express: 150 Years of Legend
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

When it comes to the history of California, the West, and the development of communication within the United States, no other topic generates as much fascination and interest as the short-lived venture known as the Pony Express. Its creator, William H. Russell, sought to show the superiority of the central route for express and mail, and did so, by igniting the public's interest and creating favorable press for the Pony and its central route through Salt Lake City.

This issue celebrates the 150th Anniversary of the Pony Express with three major articles written by Wells Fargo historian, Dr. Robert J. Chandler, and brings to light new data and reveals some major miscoceptions about the history of the Pony Express.

Tightly Bound: Wells Fargo and the Pony Express
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

When Russell's empire began to crumble in 1861, Wells Fargo, through a contract with the Overland Mail Company that Russell signed, supervised the entire Pony Express operation, placed its name on its stamps, and ran the western half. This has been contested by some historians since the 1920s, but Dr, Chandler presents evidence from Wells Fargo documents and other sources that confirms Wells Fargo's gaining control of the Pony Express in 1861.

Pony Express Route
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Pony Express afficianados will be impressed by the wealth of information provided by Dr. Chandler's tables and charts dealing with almost every aspect of the Pony's operation, including distances between relay stations and time tables. Much of the data in this issue is derived from the work of philatelic experts and authors Richard Frajola and Scott Trepel, and trail travelers Joe Nardone and Tom Crews, who created the Sacramento to San Francisco Pony Express map on page 49.


Articles in the 2010 Summer Issue #82
The California Territorial Quarterly

Buchanan's Thrust from the Pacific: The Utah War's Ill-Fated Second Front
By William P. MacKinnon

We welcome Bill MacKinnon who has long been known as an authority on the Utah War of 1857-1858. Over the years his enlightening articles on the topic have filled in missing pieces to the puzzle of understanding of what led up to and fed the head-butting between the Federal Government and Brigham Young's followers in Deseret Territory. This article documents the federal government's plans to open a second front to invade Utah from California and Oregon, as well as from the East.

The Wreck of the Frolic
By J. Howard Campbell

We welcome Jim Campbell with his interesting story about the FROLIC, a sailing ship built speciically for the Asian opium trade, and its eventual demise when it sank on Caliornia's rocky shoreline.

San Francisco: A Drinker's City
By James F. Jarvis

James Jarvis is well know for his research and knowledge of the drinkiung establishments in San Francisco and he presents an overview of their rise from the Gold Rush days through the end of the 20th century.

Duel of Infamy
By Christopher Burchfield

Chris Burchfield brings us another interesting story about the 1859 duel between David Broderick and David Terry, which was a surprising turn of events, because they had previously been brothers-in-arms during the Vigilance Committee days, and had respected one another.


Articles in the 2010 Fall Issue #83
The California Territorial Quarterly

Kenworthy: "A Fraud So Audacious"
By John W. Robinson

In Riverside County's San Jacinto Mountains, a low grade gold belt was located that, at first, appeared to hold promise. Here, in the boulder-strewn foothills that border the Garner Valley, occurred "a fraud so audacious" that it still reverberates today, more than a century later.

The Strange and Scandalous Life of Parker H. French
By Christopher Burchfield

Parker French came to California in 1852 with one arm missing and a past riddled with suspicious activities. He quickly became involved in California politics, serving one term in the State Assembly, followed by swindling two ranchers out of $40,000. Chris Burchfield documents French's scandalous life of crime and corruption.

A Tale of Kings
By Steven Carey Lassoff

We welcome new contributor Steven Lassoff with his story about the unusual poker game dealt to "Titans of Commerce" in the early 1870s at the old Cliff House just above Ocean Beach on the northwestern shore of San Francisco.

A Cliff House Pictorial Remebrance, 1863-1907
By Bill Anderson

This pictorial history of the Cliff House shows how the famous landmark evolved from 1863 until it burned to the ground in 1907.


Articles in the 2010 Winter Issue #84
The California Territorial Quarterly

First Reports of 1848 Gold Discovery Reach Monterey
By Walter Colton

First reports of the January 1848 discovery of gold on the American Fork by James Marshall slowly spread to the settlements along the coast of California, finally reaching Monterey, the capitol of Upper California, on May 29, 1848. Walter Colton, the alcalde of that town, along with many others in that sleepy settlement, at first, refused to believe the rumor. Subsequent reports and physical evidence of gold proved the rumors to be true and absolutely amazing.

Colton, educated at Yale, a world traveler, and a Navy chaplain, kept a diary of his travels, and of his time in California, which included daily entries about his duties as the Alcalde of Monterey, first rumors of the gold discovery, and the subsequent exodus of people to the mines.

In 1850 Colton published "Three Years in California," a well-written perspective on early life in American California and the start of the gold rush, and, we present here, his diary from May 29, 1848 through December 2, 1848, which includes his daily journal while traveling and prospecting in the gold mining region of California’s Sierra Nevada.

Forgotten Centennial
Lt. Myron S. Crissy and the First Bomb

By Steven Carey Lassoff

Steven Lassoff brings us another interesting story about the first bomb dropped from an airplane that happened over the skies of San Bruno, California on January 15, 1911, a significant event that would be overshadowed by the first landing of an airplane on an early version of an aircraft carrier in San Francisco Bay the following day.

A Tribute to Donald Duke, 1929-2010
By Michael Patris


Articles in the 2011 Spring Issue #85
The California Territorial Quarterly

High Sierra: William Brewer, Clarence King, and John Muir
By John W. Robinson

California’s Sierra Nevada was explored and mapped by members of the California Geological Survey starting in 1863. William Brewer led the expedition along with Clarence King and others who marveled at the stunning peaks and majestic valleys they encountered, while preservationist John Muir fought to protect Yosemite and other natural
wonders of the High Sierra for generations to come.

The Golden State’s First U.S. Senator 22 And the Perils of Patronage

By Christopher Burchfield

William Gwin played a major role at the California Constitutional Convention and the delegates voted for him to be the first U.S. Senator from California. He favored a constitutional ban on dueling but it was voted
down. Later he was reluctantly involved in a duel with Joseph McCorkle.

Diamonds On The Feather
By Bill Talbitzer

The discovery of diamonds at Cherokee and Thompson’s Flat was documented in the Spring Valley Mining Company’s records as early as 1864, but later in 1907 a man arrived in Oroville who would spark the
first rush for diamond mining stock in California.

From San Francisco to Sacramento City: On the Bay and Up the Sacramento River

From Hutchings’ California Magazine, July 1859


Articles in the 2011 Summer Issue #86
The California Territorial Quarterly

From Black to White: Lithographer and Painter Grafton Tyler Brown
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Opportunities in post-Gold Rush California continued to bring people from all over the world to San Francisco, including 17-year-old Grafton Tyler Brown, a free black from Pennsylvania, who arrived in 1858.
San Francisco was a melting-pot of cultures where class distinction lines became somewhat blurred. Such was the case with the talented lithographer Grafton Brown, who managed to avoid racial barriers by becoming “legally” white. Award-winning author Robert Chandler presents some of his research about Brown’s social and artistic endeavors.

Social Evolution in San Francisco

By Josiah Royce

Josiah Royce was born in Grass Valley, grew up in Gold Rush California, and received his B.A. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1875, where he taught English composition, literature, and rhetoric. Johns Hopkins University awarded him a doctorate in philosophy in 1878, and he taught philosophy at Harvard from 1882 on, becoming a full professor in 1892. Royce was the only major American philosopher who spent a significant period of his life studying and writing history, specifically of the American West.

The Fish Fought Back

By Bill Talbitzer

We’re pleased to present this giant fish story by the venerable Bill Talbitzer who also wrote the diamond mining story in our last issue. This true story actually happened in Oroville, California in August 1910.


Articles in the 2011 Fall Issue #87
The California Territorial Quarterly

“I Would See Them in Hell First” - Brigham Young, California Troops, and Utah’s Civil War(s)
By William P. MacKinnon

We received so many comments on Bill MacKinnon’s last CTQ article, “Buchanon’s Thrust from the Pacific: The Utah War’s Ill-Fated Second Front” that we asked him to do another. As we commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Civil War, Bill’s new research shows how the 1857-58 Utah War became a proving ground for many men who would later serve as generals on both sides of the 1861-65 Civil War.

Gettysburg to Great Salt Lake: George R. Maxwell, Civil War Hero and Federal Marshal among the Mormons
By John Gary Maxwell
A Book Review by William P. MacKinnon

George R. Maxwell was wounded eight times during the Civil War and fought in almost all of the significant battles. In 1869 he was appointed as register of land in the Salt Lake City Land Office, and in 1873 was appointed U.S. Marshal for Utah, where he continued to battle with Mormons who scorned him as just another carpetbagger. Bill MacKinnon provides us with insightful background and an interesting review of this great new book published by The Arthur H. Clark Company.

The Mountain Meadows Massacre
An Interview with Will Bagley
Conducted by Deborah and Jon Lawrence

Deborah and Jon Lawrence present an interview from their new book published by the University of Oklahoma Press, Violent Encounters: Interviews on Western Massacres, with independent historian Will Bagley of Salt Lake City. The focus of their interview with Will is his highly acclaimed book Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows, a research masterpiece that reveals the catalyst for the horrific massacre that had been hidden by the LDS church since September 11, 1857.


Articles in the 2011 Winter Issue #88
The California Territorial Quarterly

Los Angeles at Civil War’s Outbreak
By John W. Robinson

Southern California was populated mostly by people from the South before the Civil War began. Most were Confederate sympathizers, and many returned to the East to fight and die for the Confederacy.

The Mythical Johnston Conspiracy Revisited Or Who Spooked Edmund Randolph?
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Rumors of alleged treason by General Albert Sidney Johnston, Commander of the Department of the Pacific, circulated in California shortly after the Civil War hostilities began. Bob’s research reveals who started the rumor.

The Velvet Glove: The Army During the Secession Crisis in California
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

The Army’s role in 1860s California changed from dealing with Indian/settler troubles to reigning in the zealous activities of Confederate sympathizers located primarily in Los Angeles and Southern California.

“Liar, Liar! Pants on Fire:” Asbury Harpending’s Civil War California
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

An adventurer with a great faculty for spinning tales, Asbury Harpending was also good at convincing others of their truthfulness. Bob reveals how Harpending’s Committee of Thirty plan to seize Bay area forts was a lie, and tells about his capture and imprisonment at Alcatraz for the Chapman affair.

Andrew Jackson Grayson: The Birdman Was a Traitor
By Dr. Robert J. Chandler

Andrew Grayson was a Southern sympathizer who lived in Mazatlan, Mexico who relayed messages from California to the Confederacy and unsuccessfully tried to organize two privateers to raid Pacific commerce.


Articles in the 2012 Spring Issue #89
The California Territorial Quarterly

Bruff’s Wake: J. Goldsborough Bruff & The California Gold Rush, 1849-1851
By H. L. James

J. Goldsborough Bruff is well-known to overland trail historians as being one of the most prolific diarists and illustrators of the gold rush period, his works often being cited and reproduced by various chroniclers
of the overland adventure of the westward-bound emigrants on their way to the California gold fields.

H. L. James’ new book, Bruff’s Wake: J. Goldsborough Bruff & The California Gold Rush, 1849-1851, is a wonderful resource for trail enthusiasts and history buffs looking for an exciting adventure. Published by the Oregon-California Trails Association in Independence, Missouri, Bruff’s Wake includes modern-day pictures of many of the locations drawn by Bruff, taken by H. L. James and his wife Mary Beth, as well as state-by-state descriptions of the Washington City and California Mining Association’s journey.

J. Goldsborough Bruff’s Cyrus Field Congressional Medal

U.S. Senator William Gwin and the Many Twists and Turns of Golden Era Politics
By Christopher Burchfield

We are pleased to present the second part of Christopher Burchfield’s story about U.S. Senator William Gwin. Part One, The Golden State’s First U.S. Senator and the Perils of Patronage appeared in CTQ#85, Spring 2011
issue. Part Two covers the election of California’s second set of senators and the problems of political appointments between the candidates.

A Violent Bump in the Road: To California From Scotland Via Utah Territory
A Review By William P. MacKinnon

Bill MacKinnon presents a review of Polly Aird’s new book, Mormon Convert, Mormon Defector; A Scottish Immigrant in the American West, 1848-1861, which chronicles the life of Peter McAuslan.


Articles in the 2012 Summer Issue #90
The California Territorial Quarterly

The Richard H. Dillon Special Tribute Issue

This issue is dedicated to the illustrious career of Richard Dillon, long-time librarian and director of the Sutro Library in San Francisco, well-known book reviewer for historical journals, including the Territorial, and author of scores of scholarly books and articles on California and Western history. We are pleased to present several personal tributes by highly respected California and Western historians, a special tribute by Dillon’s son Brian, as well as articles about the Sutro Library by Richard Dillon and Gary Kurutz.

Richard Dillon: Historian’s Historian
By Will Bagley

Richard Hugh Dillon
By Gary Kurutz

Adolph Heinrich Joseph Sutro

Honoring a Lifetime of Achievement
By Brian D. Dillon, Ph.D.

Sutro Reminiscences

By Richard H. Dillon

The Formation of the Adolph Sutro Collection
By Gary Kurutz

How Standard Oil Helped Turn the Golden Gate Bridge Into the Symbol of San Francisco
By John Harper

This year marks the 75th anniversary of the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge on May 27, 1937. Ted Huggins, public relations man for Standard Oil of California, organized the opening day festivities known as “Pedestrian Day” and took daily publicity photos of the construction of the bridge.


Articles in the 2012 Fall Issue #91
The California Territorial Quarterly

Sergeant Dillon With the Dynamite Squads: 1906
By Brian D. Dillon, Richard H. Dillon, John D. Yi An Dillon

The damage caused by the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake was intensified by the widespread fires that followed the tremors when “household heaters overturned, small gas lines ruptured, and downed power lines sparked into flammable materials.” The conflagration grew and spread quickly, consuming entire blocks within hours, and overwhelmed the ability of the city fire department to control all the fires.

We are pleased to welcome some members of the Dillon Gang, Brian, Richard, and John, who have spent years researching the people involved with the dynamite squads who tried to create firebreaks by blowing up buildings to stop the advance of the flames. The topic is of particular interest to the Dillons, since their grandfather, father, and great grandfather, William T. Dillon, led one of the dynamite squads.

In Memoriam: W. Michael Mathes

By Brian D. Dillon, Ph.D.

Historian Michael Mathes was a prolific researcher and writer who was awarded the Order of the Aztec by Mexico, and the Order of Asabel la Católica by Spain, those countries’ highest award for a writer, artist, or patriot.

Mining In California’s Mono Basin Region

By Abraham Hoffman

We are pleased to welcome Abe Hoffman as a new contributor to the Territorial with his article about the mining and agricultural development of the Mono Lake area, and the local area settler’s efforts to gain support for
federal and state roads to enhance economic development. From the boom towns of Monoville, Dogtown, Aurora and Bodie, the author describes the initial high expectations of the residents, followed by their gradual decline into ghost town status.


Articles in the 2012 Winter Issue #92
The California Territorial Quarterly

Sergeant Dillon With the Dynamite Squads, Part 2
By Brian D. Dillon, Richard H. Dillon, John D. Yi An Dillon

We are pleased to present Part 2 of the Dillon Gang’s extensive research into the activities of the dynamite squads that tried to stop the widespread fires that followed the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. This final installment examines the various dynamite squads from the U.S. Navy, the California National Guard, the San Francisco Fire
Department and Civilian entities, and disproves three “explosive” myths perpetrated by innacurate contemporary accounts and shoddy research by less-than-professional historians since the disastrous event.

The Indigenous Peoples of California
By Lee Littler

We are pleased to welcome Lee Littler as a new contributor to the Territorial with his new series of articles about the diverse cultures of Native Americans in California. His research covers the various regions of California and the indigenous peoples that populated each area.

California: It’s Gold and It’s Inhabitants

Sir Henry Vere Huntley

First published in London in 1856 by Sir Henry Vere Huntley, a British mining entreprenuer, we are pleased to be able to present a chapter from his book “California: It’s Gold and It’s Inhabitants” courtesy of Carl Mautz Publishing in Nevada City, California, who republished his work in 2003. This chapter was written in early 1852 while Huntley was engaged in mining activities near Hansonville and Forbestown at his Keystone lode. His account presents an interesting view of the men and women who inhabited California during its early development of mining and agriculture.

To be listed soon...


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